YPW News   •   May 14, 2013

It is argued in the 2011 World Development Report that the ‘global system’ of international aid is centred on a ‘paradigm of conflict’, whereby both national and international actors – in development, diplomacy and humanitarianism – have become chiefly concerned with providing states with the means and capabilities to overcome civil war through increased prosperity and dispute resolution (World Bank 2011: 2). This view, writes the World Bank, prioritises violence and conflict as an inherent cause of underdevelopment, but does not take into account the reality that such an approach is no longer suited to ‘21st century violence’. Due to ‘successes in reducing interstate war, the remaining forms of conflict and violence do not fit neatly either into “war” or “peace,” or into “criminal violence” or “political violence”‘ (World Bank 2011: 2). In particular, a prioritisation of political violence, insurgency and terrorism in international development and stabilisation strategies has meant that more common forms of criminal violence have been overlooked in a number of fragile contexts, as they have been in Yemen.

Read more