Implementing accountability measures begins with a thorough review of the Yemeni state’s current governing institutions, structures, and practices with an eye toward improved oversight and transparency. After a ceasefire and negotiated settlement, a working group that includes government and community stakeholders as well as international partners should draw on recommendations from the original NDC to build a framework for assessing institutional capacity and accountability. The multilateral committee should include leaders from the district, governorate, and federal levels as well as technical advisers from inter-governmental bodies and the NGO community. International organizations could include the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF). NGOs such as Global Witness and Transparency International could provide good-governance expertise, while civic organizations, notably the Yemen Polling Center, could offer locally-based data and insight. The group would conduct an institutional assessment of government bodies and functions including the cabinet, ministries, anti-corruption bodies, and parastatals to identify areas that require capacity development.